Health and Beauty

Dry Eye Syndrome – Cause, Symptoms And Diagnosis

Dry Eye Disorder is an unending and normally dynamic condition. Lack of adequate lubrication and wetness on the surface of the eye makes stinging or burning, dryness, pain and redness in the eye. A normal eye contains full of tears. Tears are a mix of water, oils, mucus and antibodies which helps to moisture and lubricate your eyes to have clear vision and keep you more comfortable. The disease occurs when the amount or quality of tears fails to keep the surface of the eye sufficiently grease. The risk of developing the diesase increases with advance aging.

Causes:

The person with the disorder won’t have enough tears to wet or lubricate the eyes, that won’t create a layer to coat the eye which cannot dispense dust and other irritants. Lack of balance in your tear-flow system is the reason for dry eye syndrome. The other causes include:

  • Ageing
  • Menopause in woman
  • Hormonal changes during pregnancy
  • Disease like Sjogren’s Syndrome, Rheumatoid Arthritis, and Collagen Vascular Diseases
  • Side effects of some Medications including Antihistamines, Anti-depressants, Birth control pills
  • Windy, smoky, or dry environments
  • Seasonal allergies
  • Laser eye surgery may cause temporary dryness

The other factors that can increase your risk include:

  • Working with computer, mobile or other digital device leads to greater tear evaporation and increased risk of dry eye symptoms
  • Wearing contact lens cause dry eye discomfort
  • Regular flying through airways – The air in the cabins of airplanes is extremely dry and can lead to dry eye problems
  • Both Smoking and Alcohol has been linked to serious eye problems, including Macular Degeneration, Cataracts and Uveitis.

Symptoms of dry eye

Watery eyes also can be a symptom of dry eye syndrome. Other common symptoms are:

  • Blurry Vision
  • Burning sensation
  • pain
  • weightiness
  • tired eyes
  • stinging eyes
  • Dryness sensation
  • Red eyes
  • Sensitivity to light

Diagnosis and treatment for Dry eye Syndrome

Treatment depends on severity. If you suffer from chronic dry eye there are effective treatment options. So, how to cure dry eyes permanently? The following is a list of treatments that are commonly used by doctors to reduce the signs and symptoms of dry eyes.

1. Artificial Tears and Medications

Artificial tears that have a high viscosity are more gel-like and can provide longer-lasting lubrication.

For dry eye treatment doctor also prescribe drop called Restasis which helps to increase the amount of tears in your eyes and lowers the risk of damage to your cornea

2. Lacrimal Plugs and surgery

For severe condition, Lacrimal plugs or surgery may be recommended to block the drainage holes in the corners of your eyes, which is quietly painless and allow your eyes to maintain an adequate amount of tears

3. Protein and Vitamins

For healthy eyes, a well-balanced diet with enough protein and vitamins are required. Consuming omega 3 and fatty acid supplements helps to improve the moisture content in your eyes.

4. Home care

If you tend to have dry eyes, do some home remedies like eye exercise, avoid using digital devices, remove eye makeup thoroughly, wear quality sunglasses, avoid dry climate, and gently wash your eyelids to remove bacteria.

Ask a healthcare expert to know more about Dry Eye Syndrome and its treatments. If you feel dryness or suddenly find yourself the above mentioned symptoms, visit an ophthalmologist to test and examine the amount of tears in your eyes.

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